Americans traces back to the Niger-Congo-speaking Yoruba of southwestern Nigeria and southern Benin, reflecting the centrality of this West African region in the Atlantic Slave Trade. 2930, scanned text online. Ward,., "To Shatter Innocence: Teaching African American Poetry in Teaching African American Literature,. United States Department of Justice.
81 The following table of the African - American population in the United States over time shows that the African - American population, as a percentage of the total population, declined until 1930 and has been rising since then. 197 Culture Further information: African - American culture From their earliest presence in North America, African Americans have significantly contributed literature, art, agricultural skills, cuisine, clothing styles, music, language, and social and technological innovation to American culture. A Handbook of Varieties of English. United States Census Bureau. It is the first known fiction by an African American, but as it was written in French and published in a French journal, it had apparently no influence on later American literature. At times, she has brought African - American writers a far broader audience than they otherwise might have received. Some whites found it hard to believe that a Black woman could write such refined poetry. 83 At the time of the 2000 Census,.8 of African Americans lived in the South. "Experiencing Racism: Differences in the Experiences of Whites Married to Blacks and Non-Black Racial Minorities". On many college entrance, standardized tests and grades, African Americans have historically lagged behind whites, but some studies suggest that the achievement gap has been closing. Women claimed their authority to preach and write spiritual narratives by citing the Epistle of James, often calling themselves "doers of the word".