the invigoration of the soul, for which respectively Scotists and their opponents have contended too exclusively, but also the remission of temporal punishment, which not a few theologians have neglected. In general, the principal adversaries on the transmission of original sin from Adam to the human race are the Pelagians, the Protestants and the Rationalists. Whereas our parents only beget our bodies, which they cannot save from death and disease, the priests regenerate our souls in baptism and have power, moreover, to remit post-baptismal sins ; a power which. Hence the injunction is rightly added by James, 'Confess, therefore, your sins one to another. In the first narrative of creation, God makes man to His image and places him over all the works of His hands, "to fill the earth and subdue." In the second narrative of creation, it issaid the earth was still dry because "the Lord. James as an effect of the prayer-unction, nothing is more reasonable than to hold that. Howsoever conceived, therefore, labor in all its forms appears in revelation as correspondence to a divine vocation. Intended for those in the state of grace, and that every effort should be made by the subject to possess this primary disposition. James the Apostle says: if any one is sick, let him call in the priests of the Church, and let them lay hands on him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord, and the prayer of faith shall save the sick man. That the Monophysites also retained the Jacobean unction after their separation from the Catholic Church (451) is clear from the fact that their liturgies (Armenian, Syrian, and Coptic) contain the rite for blessing the oil. Some of the so-called indicative forms may be reasonably conclusion to patrick henry essays construed in this way, but in regard to others we may say, with Benedict XIV, that "we do not know how a prayer can be discovered in certain other forms published from very many ancient Rituals.
Yet Launoi (Opp., I, 569.) has maintained that deacons can be validly delegated by the bishop to administer extreme unction, appealing in support of his view to certain cases in which they were authorized in the absence of a priest to reconcile dying penitents. The prayers for blessing the oil that have come down to us differ very widely, but all of them contain some reference to the purpose of anointing the sick. About 618; ibid., 23 Aug.,. Jacobi, v, 14, 15). Death has always reigned over the sons of Adam, who could never avoid personal sins: either before the Mosaic Law or after. Kerygmatic Development How Could Adam Sin? They were conscious that Christians in general believed in original sin. Let him bring in the priests of the Church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord. This rite will therefore be a true sacrament if it has the sanction of Christ's authority, and is intended by its own operation to confer grace on the sick person, to work for his spiritual benefit. Now, clearly this cannot be either the remission of mortal sin or the restoration of physical health, since, as we have seen, extreme unction is primarily a sacrament of the living; and restoration of bodily health is not a normal effect, but only brought about. In the Eastern Church the later technical name is euchelaion (i.e. Here, besides the legitimate use of the Jacobean unction, we have an early instance of an abuse, which prevails in the modern Orthodox (schismatical) church, of permitting the euchelaion to be administered, on certain days of the year, to people who are in perfect health.