Food spoilage is a complex process in which foods become unsafe or undesirable for human consumption. In addition, the substrate specificities of selected adenylation domains were confirmed by overexpression in Escherichia coli and in vitro protein function analyses. Paenibacillin and enterocin RM6 are naturally occurring antimicrobial peptides with great potential for food preservation. The electrostatic interaction between paenibacterin and LPS can displace the divalent cations on the LPS network and promote the uptake of paenibacterin. In this current study, we described three antimicrobial peptides, including a nonribosomal peptide, paenibacterin, and two ribosomal peptides, paenibacillin and enterocin RM6. Each of the 13 modules assembles one amino acid into the paenibacterin peptide. This results in the growth and proliferation of bacteria with a stronger resistance to antibiotics.
This compound is a 70-residue cyclic peptide with a head-to-tail linkage between the N-terminal methionine and C-termianl tryptophan. The presence of non-proteinogeneic amino acids (Orn, ornithine) in the peptide sequence suggested that paenibacterin is synthesized by nonribosomal synthetases. 26 billion annually (Globalization and Health). This technology can be used in livestock feed or medical applications and has the potential to limit the threat that antibiotic resistance has on society. The emergence of drug resistant pathogenic strains has increased mortality rate due to infections with these particular pathogens. Monocytogenes in cottage cheese within 30 min, and no viable cells were detected after 26 hrs of treatment.